AskDefine | Define sepiolite

Dictionary Definition

sepiolite n : a white clayey mineral [syn: meerschaum]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From its resemblance to cuttlefish bone

Noun

  1. A hydrated magnesium silicate, claylike mineral used for carving intp decorative articles and smoking pipes

Synonyms

Extensive Definition

Sepiolite is a clay mineral, a complex magnesium silicate, a typical formula for which is Mg4Si6O15(OH)2 • 6H2O. It can be present in fibrous, fine-particulate, and solid forms. It is used in oil drilling, for cat litter and also in a solid form known as Meerschaum for carving.
The name comes from a perceived resemblance of the material to the porous bones of the cuttlefish or sepia. On account of its low specific gravity, one to two, and its porosity, it may float upon water, hence its German name Meerschaum ("sea foam").
Owing to its fibrous mineral nature, sepiolite veins may contain the hazardous material, asbestos; even where asbestos is not present, sepiolite is often mistaken for it. Careful analytical techniques may be required to distinguish the two.
sepiolite in German: Meerschaum
sepiolite in Spanish: Sepiolita
sepiolite in Italian: Sepiolite
sepiolite in Dutch: Sepioliet
sepiolite in Slovak: Sepiolit
sepiolite in Finnish: Merenvaha
sepiolite in Swedish: Sjöskum
sepiolite in Turkish: Lületaşı
sepiolite in Polish: Sepiolit
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